Membrane systems operating at 82% recovery will convert 82% of the total raw water input into treated permeate, with the remaining 18% being sent to waste as concentrate (or reject). The recovery rate is monitored using flow meters installed in the permeate and concentrate piping.
Water is one of the most important commodities that supports life on earth but very few understand how hard it is to get clean, potable freshwater. Water, in all its forms, covers three quarters of the Earth's surface. The water levels on Earth remain relatively the same each year. Every day, water goes through a cycle that sees it flow from land, to the seas and then evaporates into the atmosphere through the processes of evaporation and precipitation.
Topics: membrane filtration, membrane treatment system, reverse osmosis, membrane treatment, water treatment, clean drinking water, membrane plants, water recycling, water quality, water purification process, save water
Variable frequency drives (VFD) are becoming the popular choice for many industrial processes that need to make use of motors with changing speeds. In membrane plants, these motors are used to feed the pressure and flow of the water as it moves through the various areas of the treatment cycle.
Since Harn R/O has been in the membrane treatment business for more than forty years now, we have seen our number one question from engineers and potential owners transition from “will membranes work on my water source?” to “how much will the membrane treatment plant cost?”.
Three major hurricanes have already hit the United States this year. Being prepared for a hurricane has never been more important, especially for those who run and manage water treatment facilities. Water treatment is essential for removing constituents that can be unpalatable and lead to illnesses and other serious conditions. Houston experienced an outbreak of E. Coli due to water contamination from the impact of hurricane Harvey, which knocked out at least 40 water treatment facilities in the area. Water is essential for our survival so it is of utmost importance that water treatment facilities are prepared to handle and respond to natural disasters, like a hurricane.water
Pretreatment Equipment - Theory of Operation
Some raw feed waters contain suspended particulate material. This material is commonly sand, iron oxides, clay or elemental sulfur.
Introduction of such materials into the membrane system can cause the development of excessive system differential pressure (dP), or even complete blockage of the brine channels with the resultant reduction of permeate flow. It can also cause physical damage to the membranes themselves. This usually results in a decrease of permeate quality and reduction of membrane life. Cartridge filtration is normally a simple and cost-effective way to reduce the amount of particulate matter reaching the membrane surface.